Powers of arrest can be attached to the order, and a breach can attract a sentence of up to two years imprisonment. Schools can also help raise awareness by displaying materials about forced marriage and honour-based violence around the school, including in community languages, and teaching about forced marriage as part of the PSHE curriculum. If the victim doesn’t get the appropriate response and support at the time, then you may not have a further opportunity and the consequences could be fatal. Adults at Risk Training. At the government’s Forced Marriage Unit (FMU), we receive almost 1,500 phone calls a year relating to a possible or actual forced marriage. I am a converted dog lover, lipstick addict, and travel enthusiast. Amani was forced into marriage at 13 and had her first child at 14 and her second at 16. While the majority of our cases involve a victim being taken overseas for a forced marriage, we also see cases where the marriage takes place entirely within the UK. Here are some of the things you can look out for in others that may signal a forced marriage, both before and after the marriage has taken place: Parents removing a child from education of from participating in extra-curricular activities for no reason; High levels of absenteeism from school… She was raped at gunpoint by her husband and beaten in front of her children. There may be noticeable deterioration in the victim’s self-esteem and appearance, the victim may run away, go missing from home or have a fear of returning home, the victim may talk about a family holiday abroad and may seem anxious about this, may fail to return home from a visit to the family’s country of origin, reports of self-harm or suicide attempts, particularly in the early stages of marriage, domestic incidents or crimes at the family home. Privacy and a comfortable environment should be key features with Achieving Best Evidence (ABE) ‘Comfy Suites’ or ‘Child Houses (based on the Icelandic Barnhaus model) being the preferred option. Mental health in schools: Using the arts to bolster ... Ideas to support staff and pupil wellbeing at the time ... Student wellbeing: Maslow before you Bloom. To establish whether forced marriage is a factor, school nurses in particular can ask open questions to help you identify risk factors – such as: All school staff should be aware that young people at risk are often strictly monitored by their parents. This point is a complex area and we recommend that you advise the victim to get independent legal advice. Victims who have already been forced into marriage may have injuries consistent with rape or domestic violence and may ask about termination of a pregnancy. I have a distinct love for old architecture and the ocean. From shop HollowGroveDesigns. establish the specific detail of the victim’s case. advise them not to travel overseas and discuss with them, whether there is any other option but to travel. Schools can also help to raise awareness of forced marriage among students. The impact of Forced Marriage on the mental health of adults and young people cannot be underestimated, yet this area has received insufficient attention in government policy. This reflects the seriousness of the issue and our commitment to protecting victims. By making students aware that forced marriage is a risk and that there is support available, schools can protect vulnerable young people from a life of abuse. Is the victim frightened of being forced into a marriage? Forced marriage occurs when an individual, regardless of their age, has been forced to marry without consent. whether they are a spouse or partner of a British or settled citizen, whether they are in UK as the family member of a citizen of the European Union and whether the victim is eligible to apply under the ‘domestic violence rule’. 17 Things That Are More Harmful Than Cheating. While forced marriage impacts both. Halo Project –a national project that will support victims of HBV, FM and FGM. For example, if you agree to marry someone but then change your mind and decide not to. Some signs to watch out, both pre and post marriage. Apart from school, do you go out much? In all cases, school professional should contact the FMU to discuss their concerns at the earliest possible opportunity. Forcing someone to marry is a serious abuse of human rights and a form of domestic abuse. National DV Helpline – A national service for women experiencing domestic violence. Your spouse abuses you (verbally, emotionally or physically) We will feature some of these methods in our forthcoming Honour Based Abuse article. Risk Assessment – As a professional, your agency should already have a bespoke HBA and FM risk assessment framework in place. Perpetrators will go to great lengths to satisfy their ‘honour’ and professionals must be acutely aware of this when managing or meeting victims or potential victims of HBA and FM. Encouragement and support of your partner is important in any relationship. What is a forced marriage? Staff at the British High Commission in Nairobi realised there was a problem and helped Amani escape with her children. Modern Slavery & Trafficking Training. International human rights conventions and international entities stress the need to take measures to address CEFM. Some of the victims we speak to have been forced into marriage as a way to control their behaviour, or prevent them from developing “unsuitable” relationships. The fact that a victim was forced to marry may only reveal itself years after the marriage has taken place. This is especially important for young people, who may be worried that you will tell their parents what you have said. Forced and child marriage are significant, yet hidden, problems in the United States that impact women and girls […] A forced marriage differs from an arranged marriage, in which both parties presumably consent to the assistance of their parents or a third party such as a matchmaker in finding and choosing a spouse. Farzana had no choice but to go through with the marriage. A majority of forced marriage victims are young people who are still at school and teachers and school nurses have a key role in helping to spot the warning signs. Different rules may apply to differing circumstance and factors include: Children – Where professionals are dealing with a victim who is a child, then legislation under the Children Act 1989 will offer options to safeguard the child e.g. We can also support the school, police or children’s social care services in obtaining an FMPO. A young person knows whether they are entering into a marriage of their own free will, or whether they are being forced, and this is always our starting point. Hellitz Villegas Forced Marriage Initiative –Tahirih Justice Center. Fire Safety Training for the Responsible Person. A forced marriage is a marriage where one or both people do not consent to the marriage and pressure or abuse is used. SecEd prides itself on being written by teachers, for teachers and offering a positive and constructive voice for Consular staff accompanied Amani and her children to the airport and made sure she boarded the plane safely. A forced marriage almost always involves rape, usually repeated rape until the victim becomes pregnant. We have also launched a SmartPhone app which can be downloaded for free from Freedom Charity. Freedom Charity – a charity supporting victims of FM and FGM. All school staff should be aware that young people at risk are often strictly monitored by their parents. A forced marriage is different from an arranged marriage, where although a third party (usually the parents) introduces the two spouses, the choice of whether or not to go through with the marriage remains with the spouses. learn more . They may ask school nurses for vaccinations for an upcoming “family holiday” or about contraception. In the most serious cases, the victim has been murdered after trying to escape – a so-called “honour” killing. We can obtain a FMPO to mandate that they be brought back to the UK or to the nearest British Embassy or High Commission. If a victim does disclose that they have been forced into marriage or you believe they are at risk, you should contact the FMU immediately. If these factors are present, the young person may be at risk of forced marriage and you should contact the FMU. You Are Feeling A Little Scary Whilst Reading This Entry. Include other significant people in the victim’s life, what role do/did they play in the marriage and what potential risk do they pose to the victim? Attacking the Person, Not the Behavior. IKWRO – Iranian & Kurdish Women’s Rights Organisation, Southall Black Sisters – Support for BME Women escaping Domestic Violence, 020 8571 0800 - www.southallblacksisters.org.uk, Ashiana – Supporting Asian women through DV and FM. if the person consents then refer them to appropriate support and counselling groups. In certain countries where it is safe to do so, we can conduct a rescue of the victim from where they are being held with the support of local authorities. They could also issue travel documents for her children who were also British citizens. Sometimes an arranged marriage can lead to a forced marriage. Does the victim need a medical examination? establish whether there is a history of forced marriage within the family. Although heartbreaking, there are certain signs of a failing marriage, which when ignored will definitely lead to a dissolution of the relationship. If victims have already travelled overseas for a forced marriage, we will work with our network of Embassies and High Commissions around the world to help them return to the UK. This reflects the seriousness of the issue and our commitment to protecting victims. If there is going to be a criminal enquiry, the police should have primacy for arranging any medical examination and it should be carried out by someone qualified in gathering medical/forensic evidence. … When they got to Somalia, Amani’s mum remarried and Amani was told she had to get married too. Contact us – Terms and Conditions – Privacy, Safeguardinghub.co.uk ©2017-2020Address: 34 New House A forced marriage is where one or both people do not (or in cases of people with learning disabilities or reduced capacity, cannot) consent to the marriage as they are pressurised, or abuse is used, to force them to do so. It is important to reassure the victim about confidentiality and determine their wishes. We define a forced marriage as “a marriage conducted without the valid consent of both parties, where duress is a factor”. 5. They include questions such : – Is the victim being held/kept at home or behaviour/activity being policed? Of those, 15.4 million are in situations of forced marriage. You should gather all the relevant information and carry out initial actions, including: If a person fears being taken abroad for Forced Marriage, where at all possible obtain the information below and provide the following advice: Overseas Assistance – For British nationals or, in certain circumstances EU or Commonwealth nationals, British Embassies and High Commissions through the FCO can provide aid. Some of the victims we speak to have been forced into marriage as a way to control their behaviour, or prevent them from developing “unsuitable” relationships. As victims may not disclose forced marriage at first, school professionals need to be able to spot the signs that a victim may be at risk. attempt telephone contact with the person on the telephone to find out if they are being held against their will. Victims who have already been forced into marriage may have injuries consistent with rape or domestic violence and may ask about termination of a pregnancy. establish who else within the family may also require safeguarding. We also recommend the Government publication Forced Marriage: A Survivors Handbook which covers a wide range of topics including, housing, visas, benefits, useful contacts. victims appear to be dominated – subject to financial control, no access to mobile phone, internet etc. Victims under pressure from their families may present to school nurses with depression and self-harming behaviour such as anorexia, cutting, substance misuse or attempted suicide. Spotting Signs of Forced & Child Marriage & Human Trafficking: The Role of Marriage Officiants. When speaking to the victim, it is important to reassure them that whatever they tell you will be confidential. There are resources available from the FMU for this work. has any form of abuse taken place and if so how has it manifested itself – physical, mental cruelty, threats, surveillance etc. Signs You Are In A Forced Relationship – 8 Sneaky Signals. They may have their documents, finances, mobile phone/tablets taken from them. She never went back to school in the UK, and remained trapped in an abusive relationship in Pakistan. If this is a remote place, then consider using landmarks and places of interest in the locality. In the most serious cases, the victim has been murdered after trying to escape – a so-called “honour” killing. how does the victim perceive the risk to themselves? If your partner is not encouraging towards you, or is even dismissive of your accomplishments, this is a sign of toxicity. Email [email protected], Places where Forced Marriage is practised. If a victim does disclose that they have been forced into marriage or you believe they are at risk, you should contact the FMU immediately. A great deal of thought needs to be put into how you and the victim will contact each other, what information should be shared with other partners and the potential networks and methods used by perpetrators to locate a victim who they are trying to locate. Amani was a year 7 pupil at a school in Bristol when her mum told her she would be going to Somalia to visit relatives. At 18, Amani persuaded her husband to agree for the whole family to travel to the British Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, and apply for visas for the whole family to live in the UK. If you are the first point of contact, then you need to ensure that you see the person immediately and that the meeting takes place in a safe and private environment. These versions of child marriage—forced unions arranged by parents, sometimes the exchange of a dowry, brides below the age of twelve—are indeed different from what usually happens in … The advice below is drawn from this guidance. Research shows that people in bad marriages usually have low self-esteem, struggle with anxiety and depression, and have a higher rate of illness … There is often a continuum of coercion used to compel a marriage, ranging from outright physical violence to subtle psychological pressure. If the victim has already been forced into marriage, we can signpost them to help to seek a divorce or annulment of the marriage. Amani didn’t have her passport, but staff could issue an Emergency Travel Document for her to return to the UK. If a victim contacts the FMU, a trained case-worker will talk them through their options: to go through with the marriage, to leave the family and start a new life, or to obtain a Forced Marriage Protection Order (FMPO) for legal protection. Schools can also help raise awareness by displaying materials about forced marriage and honour-based violence around the school, including in community languages, and teaching about forced marriage as part of the PSHE curriculum. If the victim has already been forced into marriage, we can signpost them to help to seek a divorce or annulment of the marriage. Amani didn’t have her passport, but staff could issue an Emergency Travel Document for her to return to the UK. We can obtain a FMPO to mandate that they be brought back to the UK or to the nearest British Embassy or High Commission. In most cases, victims of HBA will be entitled to Special Measures e.g. Carla Thomas offers her advice and signposts some resources. advise them to take a secret emergency kit – cash in sterling and in the local currency, a mobile phone with international credit, copies of identity documents/tickets, list of emergency contact numbers (victims should also memorise numbers). Victim Care – Victims of Honour Based Abuse and Forced Marriage are entitled to an enhanced service under the Code of Practice for Victims of Crime. By making students aware that forced marriage is a risk and that there is support available, schools can protect vulnerable young people from a life of abuse. Well, this is the first almost sure-fire signal when it comes to signs you are in a forced … Brief the interpreter as to what you expect, discussing and stressing the importance of confidentiality. When using, an interpreter ensure that they are official and from the national register. All the information a school professional needs to respond to a case of forced marriage is available from the FMU in Multi-agency Practice Guidelines: Handling cases of forced marriage, which can be downloaded online (see further information). Raising awareness Schools can also help to raise awareness of forced marriage among students. Candace Cameron Bure and Valeri Bure's Love Story. We define a forced marriage as “a marriage conducted without the valid consent of both parties, where duress is a factor”. When they got to Somalia, Amani’s mum remarried and Amani was told she had to get married too. She was raped at gunpoint by her husband and beaten in front of her children. She/He Is Physically/Emotionally Abusive. Other reasons can be to strengthen family links, including through marriage to extended family members from the parents’ country of origin. None of these are acceptable reasons to deny someone their right to choose a spouse. Immigration Issues – If the victim is not a UK citizen their right to remain will depend on several factors. Encouragement is not present in your marriage. United Kingdom The reasons for a forced marriage vary. This can include trying to find a place of safety, arranging repatriation, providing a loan of money for a ticket (if they have no one to help financially), and supplying a British National with Emergency Travel Document. The existing civil route of a FMPO will remain open to give victims a choice about how they want to be assisted. However, this must be balanced with the victims wishes and it is better to get a disclosure with another person present, rather than the victim lose immediate confidence in you because you have excluded their ‘emotional crutch’. A forced marriage is different from an arranged marriage, where although a third party (usually the parents) introduces the two spouses, the choice of whether or not to go through with the marriage remains with the spouses. 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